In the late 19th century, Armenian nationalist began to revolt against the Otoman Empire, spurred by Western political ideals and the desire for their own homeland. When World War I broke out, Russian troops invaded eastern turkey and many Armenians joined their ranks. By 1915, the struggle between Christian Armenians and Muslims turned into a tragic bloodbath. Over the next five years, more than two million Armenians and Muslims Turkish, Kurdish and Azeri died from disease, starvation, exposure and outright massacre. This one-hour program examines the details of this horrible struggle, explains its causes and revals the key role played by Western powers in the conflict.